Registration process - Green light for risks

In the registration process for chemical pesticides, impacts on the environment are not sufficiently assessed:

  • No consideration of, for example, adverse effects on amphibians, bats, reptiles and wild herbs.
  • Insufficient attention to indirect effects on food chain or biodiversity.
  • No assessment of interactions between organisms.
  • Calls for practice-based review of applications over longer periods of time are growing louder.

Biopesticides consist of natural active substances that are developed from animals, plants, microorganisms or certain viruses. They are generally considered to be less problematic. Demand for biopesticides is growing, but their share of the global pesticide market is still small.

Although EU members are required to replace particularly hazardous active ingredients as quickly as possible, they are still used in many countries. Biopesticides could serve as alternatives. But they are being registered too slowly.

Number of biopesticides on the way to market in the EU in 2020:
104 biopesticides already in the registration process
102 biopesticides not yet in the registration process

The EU defines pesticides that are particularly hazardous to health or the environment as substitution candidates.
In the registration process, these active substances must be examined to determine whether they can be replaced by non-hazardous alternatives. Despite the official hazard prognosis, substitution candidates may be repeatedly registered, albeit for a shortened period of seven years.

Identified as a risk - and not yet eliminated

The graphic shows the number of pesticides still in use in 2021 that should be replaced according to EU regulations
(substitution candidates) by member country.
Also the number of biological control agents (biopesticides) on track for market in the EU in 2020.

Pestizidatlas2022 Grafik 18

Graphic: Pestizidatlas, Eimermacher/Puchalla, CC BY 4.0

Author: Pestizidatlas 2022